**Presentations** / **Describing Graphs**

**Describing Graphs
**

**The basic Features of a graph**

**Different graph / chart types**

**Describing language of a graph**

__Useful Graph Vocabulary__

__Useful Graph Vocabulary__

**UP:*** increase / rise / grow / went up / soar / double / multiply / climb / exceed /*

**DOWN:*** decrease / drop / fall / decline / plummet / halve / depreciate / plunge*

**UP & DOWN:*** fluctuate / undulated / dip /*

**SAME:*** stable (stabilised) / levelled off / remained constant or steady / consistent*

**CHANGES:*** gently / gradually / slightly / steadily / a little /*

**CHANGES**:* suddenly / sharply / dramatically / steeply / sudden*

**TOP:*** reached a peak / peaked / reached its highest level /*

**BOTTOM:*** bottomed out / sank to a trough / the lowest level*

**Speaking: Pair Work activity – describe a graph**

**Describing graphs – the basics**

This lesson begins labelling the key features of a graph and naming different graph / chart types. It then provides a practice to see if students can describe a range of different lines (peak, plummet, etc..). This is followed by a fun activity where in pairs students describe and plot the lines on four graphs. Example. **Level:** ***** [B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

**Describing graphs / presentation – analysis and evaluation **(lesson below)

This lesson begins with describing basic graphs and suggesting what they could represent. It then provides the language necessary for describing, analysing and evaluating with a guided practice. This is followed by students researching and analysing graphs/charts/tables from the Office of National Statistics (ONS) and giving a short presentation on their findings. Example. **Level:** ***** [B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

**Graph – Analysis & Evaluation**

**Line graph**

__Bar Chart__

__Bar Chart__

#### Describe these graphs (analysis) and then suggest the reasons for these trends (evaluation)

**1. Analysis:** Peaks in Feb, April, Dec.

**2. Evaluation:** Product is flowers (Feb=Valentine’s day / April = Easter / Dec = Christmas).

Other answers are possible with justification.

**1. Analysis:** Peak sales in June, July, August

**2. Evaluation:** Ice cream sales

Other answers are possible with justification.

__Useful graph language: Description__

__Useful graph language: Description__

The graph from (source) presents data on (title)…

The graph from (source) shows/ illustrates (title)…

If we look at this graph on (title) from (source) you can see…

The y axis (vertical) is… and the x axis (horizontal) is…

(Graph) These lines represent… (Bar) These Columns are… (Pie) These segments are… (Table) These rows are…

__Useful graph language: Analysis__

__Useful graph language: Analysis__

*Overall summary: Overall, there is / has been… / Generally, there is…*

*What you can see is… / From the graph we can see…*

*I’d like to focus your attention on…*

*If you look at this…, you’ll see / notice / understand*

*A key significant area is … / Two key significant areas are…*

*An important point is… / Two important points I’d like to illustrate are…*

*What is interesting here is…*

*An interesting observation is…*

*An analysis of the graph illustrates…*

*Looking at ….*

__Useful graph language: Evaluation__

__Useful graph language: Evaluation__

*This seems to suggest that…*

*This is possibly because of…*

*This is (clearly) due to…*

*One reason for this could be…*

*An evaluation of this data suggests / provides evidence for / highlights…*

*To provide evidence to my previous point the graph highlights…*

* **Overall, this highlights the significance of…*

*Therefore, this provides evidence that…*

__Describing graphs: using analysis and evaluation__

__Describing graphs: using analysis and evaluation__

__Describing graphs: using analysis and evaluation__

__Describing graphs: using analysis and evaluation__

The graph from (source) shows/ illustrates (title)…

The y-axis is… and the x-axis is…

Overall, GDP has remained… between…

*I’d like to focus your attention on two key significant areas.*

*( Analysis) The first one is ………. (explain data)*

*( Evaluation) *

*This is/was possibly because of ….*

**(Analysis**) *The second one is ……. (explain data)*

*( Evaluation) *

*This is / was clearly due to …………*

*Overall, this graph highlights the evidence that…*

*A future prediction is that……*

*The graph from The Office of National Statistics (2015) shows GDP growth in the UK over the years 1990 to 2015.*

*The y axis is the percentage of growth while the x axis is the individual 15 years. *

** Analysis: **Overall, GDP has remained reasonably stable from 1993 to 2007 and again in 2013 to 2015 within the 2-4% range.

*I’d like to focus your attention on two key significant areas.*

** Analysis: **The first one is in 1991, where as you can see GDP fell to -1 and then dramatically soared to 4% within two years.

** Evaluation: **This was possibly because of the UK suffering a small recession caused from high interest rates and limited availability of credit. The government lowered the interest rates shortly after this and this would explain the sudden rise in 1992.

** Analysis: **The second interesting point is the sudden drop in GDP in 2007 ……. (answers in paid version).

** Evaluation: **This is clearly due to the 2007/8 global financial crash, where the many countries suffered what is now being called …… (answers in paid version).

** Evaluation: **Overall, this graph highlights the evidence that global markets and recession ….(answers in paid version).

** Prediction: **There is a possibility that with such uncertainty in the world financial markets that ….. (answers in paid version).

*Paid version: here*

__Describing graphs: task__

__Describing graphs: task__

**Task: Analyse and evaluate an Office of National Statistics (ONS) graph / chart / table and give a 1-2-minute presentation on your findings.**

__Guidelines__

__Guidelines__

- Your teacher will allocate one of the graphs / charts / tables below.
- Open the specific ONS webpage link and find the specific section and graph / chart / table.
- Analyse and evaluate the graph / chart / table using language sheet 1.
- You must follow the 3 key stages (describe the key elements (labelling), analysis and evaluation).
- You may need to do some internet research to help your understanding / evaluation.
- Give a 2-minute presentation of your graph using your own analysis and evaluation.

- You have 20-minutes preparation time.

**18 more different graphs / charts / tables with paid version. **

**Other topics: **life satisfaction / divorce / religion / mental health / alcohol / mobile phones / murder / technology / leisure / population growth / life expectancy / etc..

**Describing graphs / presentation – analysis and evaluation **(lesson below)

This lesson begins with describing basic graphs and suggesting what they could represent. It then provides the language necessary for describing, analysing and evaluating with a guided practice. This is followed by students researching and analysing graphs/charts/tables from the Office of National Statistics (ONS) and giving a short presentation on their findings. Example. **Level:** ***** [B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP