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Describing Graphs

Introduce graphs (analysis & evaluation) /  key phrases and language

  1. Describe the graph layout (title / source / axis / key

The graph from (source) presents data on (title)…

The graph from (source) shows/ illustrates (title)…

If we look at this graph on (title) from (source) you can see...

The y axis (vertical) is… and the x axis (horizontal) is…  

(Graph) These lines represent… (Bar) These Columns are…  (Pie) These segments are… (Table) These rows are…

Analysis: describe key points from the graph

Overall summary: Overall, there is / has been… / Generally, there is…

What you can see is… / From the graph we can see...

I’d like to focus your attention on…

If you look at this…, you’ll see / notice / understand

A key significant area is … / Two key significant areas are…

An important point is… / Two important points I’d like to illustrate are...

What is interesting here is...

An interesting observation is…

An analysis of the graph illustrates…

Looking at ….

Useful Graph Vocabulary

UP: increase / rise / grow / went up / soar / double / multiply / climb / exceed /

DOWN: decrease / drop / fall / decline / plummet / halve / depreciate / plunge

UP & DOWN:  fluctuate / undulated / dip /

SAME: stable (stabilised) / levelled off / remained constant or steady / consistent

CHANGES: gently / gradually / slightly / steadily / a little /

CHANGES: suddenly / sharply / dramatically / steeply / sudden

TOP: reached a peak / peaked / reached its highest level /

BOTTOM: bottomed out / sank to a trough / the lowest level

3.Evaluation: give reasons for the data

This seems to suggest that...

This is possibly because of...

This is (clearly) due to…

One reason for this could be...

An evaluation of this data suggests / provides evidence for / highlights...

To provide evidence to my previous point the graph highlights…

 Overall, this highlights the significance of...

Therefore, this provides evidence that…

Labelling Power point Graphs - include all these features

Describing a graph practice:

Language: Describe the graph using the phrases below to help you.

The graph from (source) shows/ illustrates (title)…

The y-axis (vertical) is… and the x-axis (horizontal) is…

Overall, GDP has remained... between…

I’d like to focus your attention on two key significant areas.

(Analysis) The first one is ………. (explain data)

(Evaluation) This is/was possibly because of ….

(Analysis) The second one is ……. (explain data)

(Evaluation) This is / was clearly due to …………

Overall, this graph highlights the evidence that…

Possible Answers:

The graph from The Office of National Statistics (2015) shows GDP growth in the UK over the years 1990 to 2015

The y axis is the percentage of growth while the x axis is the individual 15 years

Analysis: Overall, GDP has remained reasonably stable from 1993 to 2007 and again in 2013 2015 within the 2-4% range.

I’d like to focus your attention on Two key significant areas.

Analysis: The first one is in 1991, where as you can see GDP fell to -1 and then dramatically soared to 4% in one year.

Evaluation: This was possibly because of the UK suffering a small recession caused from high interest rates and limited availability of credit. The government lowered the interest rates shortly after this and this would explain the sudden rise in 1992

Analysis: The second interesting point is the sudden drop in GDP in 2007 to reach an all-time low of -4% in 2009.

Evaluation: This is clearly due to the 2007/8 global financial crash, where the many countries suffered what is now being called the ‘the great recession’. It is interesting to note that the Government implemented a number of stimulus packages and this has had a positive effect on the economy with a rise to 2% GDP in 2013 following similar levels to before the crash.

Evaluation: Overall, this graph highlights the evidence that Global markets and recession play a significant part on the stability of GDP growth

 

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