Graph and Chart Lessons

Describing Graphs – The Basics [updated 2023]

This lesson begins by labelling the key features of a graph and naming different graph / chart types. It then provides practice in describing a range of different lines (peak, plummet, etc..). This is followed by a fun activity where in pairs students describe and plot the lines on four graphs. Example. Level: ***** [B2/C1]  TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

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Describing graphs: analysis and evaluation (updated 2023)

This lesson begins with describing basic graphs and suggesting what they could represent. It then provides the language necessary for describing, analysing and evaluating. This is followed by students researching and analysing graphs/charts/tables from the Office of National Statistics (ONS) and giving a short presentation on their findings. Example. Level: ***** [B1/B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

 

 

Describing Results (questionnaire data) [new 2023]

This lesson teaches students how to describe the results from a questionnaire. It provides language for describing quantities, group sizes, specific features and reporting verbs. It includes model answers and a range of practice activities. Example Level: ***** [B1/B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

 Academic description, analysis & evaluation [new 2021]

This lesson helps to improve students’ awareness and understanding of the difference between description, analysis and evaluation. It includes paragraph analysis, a detailed language review reference sheet and graph and sentence level quotation analysis. – see worksheet example. Time: 120mins.  Level ***** [[B2/C1]  TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

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Describing Graphs: The basics

This lesson shows how to label and describe a graph using a variety of language (increase, grow, fall, plummet, fluctuate, etc..). It focuses on adjective and verb collocations for natural precise descriptions and also includes a range of practice activities to improve graphical analysis.

Video

A short video on the describing graphs lesson

Video Worksheet click here

The basic features of a graph

Different graph / chart types

Describing language of a graph

 

Useful Graph Vocabulary

UP: increase / rise / grow / went up / soar / double / multiply / climb / exceed 

DOWN: decrease / drop / fall / decline / plummet / halve / depreciate / plunge

UP & DOWN:  fluctuate / undulated / dip

SAME: stable (stabilised) / levelled off / remained constant or steady / consistent

CHANGES: gently / gradually / slightly / steadily / a little 

CHANGES: suddenly / sharply / dramatically / steeply / sudden

TOP: reached a peak / peaked / reached its highest level 

BOTTOM: bottomed out / sank to a trough / the lowest level

Graphical Collocation

Verbs, adjectives and adjectives that naturally go together.

adjective + verb collocations
verbs and adverb collocations

Example: Writing

Write a description of this graph. 

The graph shows Ray-Ban sunglasses sales over 12 months in 2022. Sales began at the start of the year at 1000 and grew steadily to around 1800 in March. Sales then gradually fell to hit their lowest level of the year in April at around 900 pairs sold. Sales stabilised at approximately 1000 throughout May to July. However, in mid-July sales soared and in August peaked at 4000. Sales then plummeted and bottomed out in September at 1250. Sales then rose steadily, and the year finished at 2000 sales.

More exercises in the paying download ‘Describing graphs (the basics)’

Speaking: Pair Work activity – describe a graph

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Describing graphs – the basics [updated 2023]

This lesson begins by labelling the key features of a graph and naming different graph / chart types. It then provides practice in describing a range of different lines (peak, plummet, etc..). This is followed by a fun activity where in pairs students describe and plot the lines on four graphs. Example. Level: ***** [B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

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Describing Graphs: Analysis and evaluation

This lesson shows how analyse and evaluate a graph using a variety of language phrases. It focuses on a set procedure of graphical description, analysis and evaluation. There are good clear examples and lots of exercises.

Video

A short video on the describing graphs analysis and evaluation lesson

Video Worksheet click here

Basic definition of analysis & evaluation

i.  Analysis is ‘identifying’ the key highs and lows on a graph

ii. Evaluation is ‘the reasons’ why there are highs and lows on a graph.

Line graph

1. Describe this graph (analysis) and then suggest the reasons for these trends (evaluation)

Bar Chart

2.Describe this chart (analysis) and then suggest the reasons for these trends (evaluation)

Describe these graphs / charts (analysis) and then suggest the reasons for these trends (evaluation)

1. Analysis: Peaks in Feb, April, Dec.

2. Evaluation: Product is flowers (Feb=Valentine’s day / April = Easter / Dec = Christmas).

Other answers are possible with justification.

1. Analysis: Peak sales in June, July, August

2. Evaluation: Ice cream sales

Other answers are possible with justification.

Useful graph language: Description

The graph from (source) presents data on (title)…

The graph from (source) shows/ illustrates (title)…

If we look at this graph on (title) from (source) you can see…

The y axis (vertical) is… and the x axis (horizontal) is…  

(Graph) These lines represent… (Bar) These Columns are…  (Pie) These segments are… (Table)

Useful graph language: analysis

Overall summary: Overall, there is / has been… / Generally, there is…

What you can see is… / From the graph we can see…

I’d like to focus your attention on…

If you look at this…, you’ll see / notice / understand

A key significant area is … / Two key significant areas are…

An important point is… / Two important points I’d like to illustrate are…

What is interesting here is…

An interesting observation is…

An analysis of the graph illustrates…

Looking at ….

Useful graph language: evaluation

This seems to suggest that…

This is possibly because of…

This is (clearly) due to…

One reason for this could be…

An evaluation of this data suggests / provides evidence for / highlights…

To provide evidence to my previous point the graph highlights…

 Overall, this highlights the significance of…

Therefore, this provides evidence that…

Describing graphs:

Task: Analyse and evaluate an Office of National Statistics (ONS) graph / chart / table and give a 1-2-minute presentation on your findings.

Guidelines

  1. Your teacher will allocate one of the graphs / charts / tables below.

  2. Open the specific ONS webpage link and find the specific section and graph / chart / table.

  3. Analyse and evaluate the graph / chart / table using language sheet 1.

  4. You must follow the 3 key stages (describe the key elements (labelling), analysis and evaluation).

  5. You may need to do some internet research to help your understanding / evaluation.

  6. Give a 2-minute presentation of your graph using your own analysis and evaluation.

  • You have 20-minutes preparation time.

18 more different graphs / charts / tables with paid version. 

Other topics: life satisfaction / divorce / religion / mental health / alcohol / mobile phones / murder / technology / leisure / population growth / life expectancy / etc..

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Describing graphs: analysis and evaluation (updated 2023)

This lesson begins with describing basic graphs and suggesting what they could represent. It then provides the language necessary for describing, analysing and evaluating. This is followed by students researching and analysing graphs/charts/tables from the Office of National Statistics (ONS) and giving a short presentation on their findings. Example. Level: ***** [B1/B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

 

      Memberships (Teacher / Institutional)

      Full access to everything -  £80 £200 / £550

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Describing Results: Questionnaires

This webpage provides information on how to describe the results from a questionnaire. It provides language for describing quantities, group sizes, specific features and reporting verbs. It includes model answers and a range of practice activities (bar charts, pies charts and tables).

Video

A short video on the describing results lesson

Video Worksheet click here

Describing Results Example

This pie chart has been created from a questionnaire which asked 500 students what the main causes of their mental health issues at university were.

University mental health pie chart

Exercise

Read through these short descriptions of the above data and highlight the reporting verbs and linking words.Then highlight the phrases for describing quantity and adjective collocations. You may need to study the describing results language development below first. Download descriptions here.

  1. The most significant finding from the questionnaire is that approximately a third of respondents (32%) said that loneliness was the main cause of their mental health issue at university. This was in contrast to a small number of students (4%) saying that alcohol was the primary cause.
  1. Although the majority of students stated that loneliness and stress were the most significant mental health issues at university at 55%, academic performance and money problems were also reported to be fundamental at 28%.
  1. A small minority of students (4%) contended that their mental health issues were attributed to alcohol abuse, whereas a similar number (5%) declared family issues were the main contributing factor.
  1. The most significant finding from the questionnaire is that approximately a third of respondents (32%) said that loneliness was the main cause of their mental health issue at university. This was in contrast to a small number of students (4%) saying that alcohol was the primary cause.
  1. Although the majority of students stated that loneliness and stress were the most significant mental health issues at university at 55%, academic performance and money problems were also reported to be fundamental at 28%.
  1. A small minority of students (4%) contended that their mental health issues were attributed to alcohol abuse, whereas a similar number (5%) declared family issues were the main contributing factor.
  1. The most significant finding from the questionnaire is that approximately a third of respondents (32%) said that loneliness was the main cause of their mental health issue at university. This was in contrast to a small number of students (4%) saying that alcohol was the primary cause.
  1. Although the majority of students stated that loneliness and stress were the most significant mental health issues at university at 55%, academic performance and money problems were also reported to be fundamental (issue) at 28%.
  1. A small minority of students (4%) contended that their mental health issues were attributed to alcohol abuse, whereas a similar number (5%) declared family issues were the main contributing factor.

Describing Results Language Development

Quantity phrases for describing data
reporting verbs for graphs
features of describing data

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Describing Results (questionnaire data) [new 2023]

This lesson teaches students how to describe the results from a questionnaire. It provides language for describing quantities, group sizes, specific features and reporting verbs. It includes model answers and a range of practice activities. Example Level: ***** [B1/B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

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Description, analysis and evaluation (writing)

Description: To give a clear and detailed picture of something.

Analysis: To make a methodical and detailed examination.

Evaluation: To make judgements about the value of information.

 Video

A short 9-minute video on description, analysis and evaluation in writing.

Video Worksheet Download  – go here

PDF Lesson Download

 Academic description, analysis & evaluation [new 2021]

This lesson helps to improve students’ awareness and understanding of the difference between description, analysis and evaluation. It includes paragraph analysis, a detailed language review reference sheet and graph and sentence level quotation analysis. – see worksheet example. Time: 120mins.  Level ***** [[B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

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Language Review

description in academic writing
analysis language in academic writing
Evaluation language in academic writing

Graphs and Charts Downloads

Describing Graphs – The Basics [updated 2023]

This lesson begins by labelling the key features of a graph and naming different graph / chart types. It then provides practice in describing a range of different lines (peak, plummet, etc..). This is followed by a fun activity where in pairs students describe and plot the lines on four graphs. Example. Level: ***** [B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

* 

Describing graphs: analysis and evaluation (updated 2023)

This lesson begins with describing basic graphs and suggesting what they could represent. It then provides the language necessary for describing, analysing and evaluating. This is followed by students researching and analysing graphs/charts/tables from the Office of National Statistics (ONS) and giving a short presentation on their findings. Example. Level: ***** [B1/B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

 

 

Describing Results (questionnaire data) [new 2023]

This lesson teaches students how to describe the results from a questionnaire. It provides language for describing quantities, group sizes, specific features and reporting verbs. It includes model answers and a range of practice activities. Example Level: ***** [B1/B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

 Academic description, analysis & evaluation [new 2021]

This lesson helps to improve students’ awareness and understanding of the difference between description, analysis and evaluation. It includes paragraph analysis, a detailed language review reference sheet and graph and sentence level quotation analysis. – see worksheet example. Time: 120mins.  Level ***** [[B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

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      Full access to everything -  £80 £200 / £550

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