Heart Disease

What is heart disease?

Cardiovascular disease (CVD), a term used for any disease which affects the heart or blood vessels, is responsible for almost a third of all deaths worldwide (Public Health England, 2019). Of this group, coronary heart disease (CHD), known simply as heart disease, is the most common cause of premature death (British Heart Foundation, 2022). Despite the UK death rate due to CVD having declined by more than 75% since 1960, of the 1.5m men and 800,000 women currently living with it, one in eight males and one in fifteen females will die, resulting in £9bn a year in healthcare costs (British Heart Foundation, 2022).

The reading text discusses the main causes of CVD, its treatment and prevention. The listening text focuses on the medical procedure of a Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG).

Reading Skills

Heart Disease

By H. Kennedy (2023)

Heart disease occurs when the flow of oxygen-rich blood reaching the heart is reduced due to a combination of fat or cholesterol causing a build-up of atheroma. As the arteries become narrower, this can lead to angina, or if the arteries are clogged, known as atherosclerosis, this can trigger a myocardial infarction, or heart attack, and even heart failure (BHF, 2022; National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, 2018). According to BHF (2022), those with heart failure are twice as likely to suffer from cerebrovascular disease, such as a stroke. Those who have been diagnosed with atrial fibrillation, a rapid and irregular heartbeat, the likelihood of suffering from a stroke is even higher, at five times more likely, due to the formation of blood clots (Public Health England, 2019). If the disruption of the blood supply to the brain is only temporary, this is known as a transient ischaemic attack, or ‘mini stroke’, whereas if the symptoms last longer, this results in the loss of brain cells, and over a prolonged period of time, leads to vascular dementia (BHF, 2022; Stroke Association, 2021). In the extreme case of a cardiac arrest..

This is just a part of the 800 word text – Buy the download below for the whole text.

Reading Test: Heart Disease [new 2023]

This 789-word text discusses cardiovascular disease (CVD). It provides a detailed paragraph definition of CVD and focuses on two of the biggest causes: high blood pressure and high cholesterol. It also puts forward solutions in the form of treatment and prevention. The reading test includes: matching headings to paragraphs; true, false, not given; reference words; open answer questions; citations; and a vocabulary task. (Example) Level ***** [B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP  

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Writing Summary: Heart Disease [new 2023]

This 789-word text discusses cardiovascular disease (CVD). It provides a detailed paragraph definition of CVD and focuses on two of the biggest causes: high blood pressure and high cholesterol. It also puts forward solutions in the form of treatment and preventionThe summary task includes: note-taking worksheet with key, summary writing exercise with one sample summary, and a critical thinking worksheet with suggested answers(Example) Level ***** [B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP 

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Listening Skills 

Video Example

A 1 minute example of the 07:00 minute Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) lecture.

 

 

Heart disease: Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) [lecture transcript]

By H. Kennedy & C.Wilson (2023)

Hello and welcome to this medical lecture on Coronary Artery Bypass Graft surgery or CABG for short. We’ll begin with a short introduction to CABG, then we’ll discuss heart disease symptoms and the CABG procedure, and finish discussing the associated risks.

So, let’s start with the introduction. The mortality rate of cardiovascular disease has declined considerably thanks to advances in modern medicine. Stewart reports that in the UK, deaths from heart disease and strokes fell by 46% and 55% respectively between 2000 and 2018. One of the most significant developments in this field was the emergence of the coronary artery bypass graft. A CABG is a surgical procedure to improve poor blood flow to the heart caused by a gradual build-up of atheroma, resulting in the narrowing of or blockage within the coronary artery walls.

Now let’s look at the symptoms. A CABG is recommended when a patient displays symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease or CHD for short. These signs include angina, fatigue, an irregular heart rhythm, heart palpitations and … 

This is just a part of the 800 word text – Buy the download below for the whole transcript.

 

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Listening Test: Heart Disease (CABG Procedure) [new 2023]

This short lecture explains how the mortality rate of cardiovascular disease has declined through the emergence of the coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). It talks about the CABG procedure and risks of open-heart surgery which involves single, double, triple or quadruple bypasses or the less invasive coronary angioplasty. The listening test includes: open answer questions; gap fill summary; true, false, not given; a matching exercise; a gap fill completion activity; and a summary identification task. (Example) Level ***** [B2/C1] / Video [06.30]MP3 / PPT link in download / TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

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Speaking Seminar: Heart Disease  [new 2023]

This seminar worksheet provides a a number of questions based on the reading and lecture. Students refer to the reading text and their listing notes and discuss some of the key points made in both texts. The seminar sheet includes the sources so students can refer to specific evidence by author. TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP
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Heart Disease Lesson Book [new 2023]

 

Heart Disease PDF Book [new 2023]

AMAZING VALUE – Four lessons in one book: reading test, reading to writing summary writing, listening test & speaking seminar. Example TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

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This is a speaking seminar sheet that provides a range of questions for students to discuss together after they have done the reading and listening texts. The seminar provides students with an opportunity to discuss the content, share their opinions and build confidence in speaking. Level ***** [B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

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This is a speaking seminar sheet that provides a range of questions for students to discuss together after they have done the reading and listening texts. The seminar provides students with an opportunity to discuss the content, share their opinions and build confidence in speaking. Level ***** [B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

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This is a speaking seminar sheet that provides a range of questions for students to discuss together after they have done the reading and listening texts. The seminar provides students with an opportunity to discuss the content, share their opinions and build confidence in speaking. Level ***** [B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

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Aviation Decarbonisation Lesson PDF Book

 

AMAZING VALUE - Four lessons in one book: reading test, reading to writing summary writing, listening test & speaking seminar. Example TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

 

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This is a speaking seminar sheet that provides a range of questions for students to discuss together after they have done the reading and listening texts. The seminar provides students with an opportunity to discuss the content, share their opinions and build confidence in speaking. Level ***** [B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

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AMAZING VALUE - Four lessons in one book: reading test, reading to writing summary writing, listening test & speaking seminar. Example TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

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Behavioural Economics

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This 773-word text discusses behavioural economics. It provides a definition of the key term, it analyses how different this type of economics is from classical economics, it looks at nudge theory along with examples of successful nudges and criticisms of the theory and it ends by considering how society can benefit through both types of economics.  The reading test includes: matching headings to paragraphs; true, false, not given; reference words; open answer questions; citations; and a vocabulary task. (Example) Level ***** [B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

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Writing Summary: Behavioural Economics [new 2022]

This 773-word text discusses behavioural economics. It provides a definition of the key term, it analyses how different this type of economics is from classical economics, it looks at nudge theory along with examples of successful nudges and criticisms of the theory and it ends by considering how society can benefit through both types of economics. The summary task includes: note-taking worksheet with key, summary writing exercise with one sample summary, and a critical thinking worksheet with suggested answers(Example) Level ***** [B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP 

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This is a speaking seminar sheet that provides a range of questions for students to discuss together after they have done the reading and listening texts. The seminar provides students with an opportunity to discuss the content, share their opinions and build confidence in speaking. Level ***** [B2/C1]  TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

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Behavioural Economics PDF Book

AMAZING VALUE - Four lessons in one book: reading test, reading to writing summary writing, listening test & speaking seminar. Example TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

 

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Heart Disease

 

Reading Test: Heart Disease [new 2023]

This 789-word text discusses cardiovascular disease (CVD). It provides a detailed paragraph definition of CVD and focuses on two of the biggest causes: high blood pressure and high cholesterol. It also puts forward solutions in the form of treatment and prevention. The reading test includes: matching headings to paragraphs; true, false, not given; reference words; open answer questions; citations; and a vocabulary task. (Example) Level ***** [B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

MEMBERS ONLY

 

Writing Summary: Heart Disease [new 2023]

This 789-word text discusses cardiovascular disease (CVD). It provides a detailed paragraph definition of CVD and focuses on two of the biggest causes: high blood pressure and high cholesterol. It also puts forward solutions in the form of treatment and preventionThe summary task includes: note-taking worksheet with key, summary writing exercise with one sample summary, and a critical thinking worksheet with suggested answers(Example) Level ***** [B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP 

MEMBERS ONLY

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Listening Test: Heart Disease (CABG Procedure) [new 2023]

This short lecture explains how the mortality rate of cardiovascular disease has declined through the emergence of the coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). It talks about the CABG procedure and risks of open-heart surgery which involves single, double, triple or quadruple bypasses or the less invasive coronary angioplasty. The listening test includes: open answer questions; gap fill summary; true, false, not given; a matching exercise; a gap fill completion activity; and a summary identification task. (Example) Level ***** [B2/C1] / Video [06.30]MP3 / PPT link in download / TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

MEMBERS ONLY

 

Seminar Speaking: Heart Disease [new 2023]

This is a speaking seminar sheet that provides a range of questions for students to discuss together after they have done the reading and listening texts. The seminar provides students with an opportunity to discuss the content, share their opinions and build confidence in speaking. Level ***** [B2/C1]  TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

MEMBERS ONLY

 

Heart Disease PDF Book [new 2023]

AMAZING VALUE - Four lessons in one book: reading test, reading to writing summary writing, listening test & speaking seminar. Example TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

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