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WRITING / Conclusion

 Academic Conclusion

Conclusion video

A short 6-minute video on how to write an academic conclusion. A basic 3-part conclusion structure and example paragraph.

The basic structure of a conclusion

A conclusion is often separated into three key parts: A thesis, a summary of main ideas and a future focus (recommendation, prediction, solution).

conclusion structure

An example: a model conclusion

This image highlights the three parts of a conclusion: the thesis, the summary and a future prediction.

Conclusion example

Example phrases

These phrases will help you to construct your paragraph clearly.

Conclusions:

In conclusion,

To conclude,

To sum up,

Recommendation / Suggestion:

The evidence suggests that …

Therefore, it is recommended that … /

Governments should….

The findings of this study suggest that …

Prediction: 

One prediction is that…

If this continues, it could lead to…

An implication of this is the possibility that …

Solutions:

There is, therefore, a definite need for ……

There are a number of important changes which need to be made…

Another important practical implication is that …

 

More conclusion phrases: click here

 

Conclusion lesson

 

Conclusions – the basics

This is  a great lesson to introduce and practice writing conclusions. It begins with identifying key components of a conclusion, then offers valuable writing practice of summarising key points, restating a thesis and creating ideas for a future focus. It finishes with using an essay outline to write a whole conclusion. (Example)  Time:180mins    Level ***** [B1/B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

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Introductions: How to write an academic introduction

This lesson / worksheet presents the key sections to an academic introduction. It then focuses on highlighting those key sections in three model introductions with particular attention to the thesis (question / topics / stance) and finally finishes with writing an introduction using a range of titles. Example Level: ***** [B1/B2/C1]  TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

Webpage link: Introductions

 

Thesis Statements: How to write a thesis statement [updated 2021]

This lesson / worksheet presents the key sections to an academic introduction. It focuses on different writing structures using words like however, although, despite and then includes a writing task. Students write three thesis statements using the introduction models. Example Level: ***** [B1/B2/C1]  / TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

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Basic Paragraph analysis: corporate social responsibility (CSR)

This worksheet provides a step-by-step guide to the key components of a paragraph. It analyses a basic paragraph on corporate social responsibility (CSR) through structure, topic, cohesion, referencing and stance. It also includes a writing practice on globalisation. Example.  Level: ***** [B1/B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

Academic paragraph analysis: block or point-by-point 

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Webpage link: Paragraphing

 

Topic Sentences – the basics

This lesson takes students through ‘noticing’ how a topic sentence links to development. Then writing topic sentences from the content of  four paragraphs and then writing the paragraph from a topic sentence. (Example)  Time: 60mins    Level ***** [B1/B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

 

Topic Sentences – academic [new for 2020]

This lesson takes students through ‘noticing’ how a topic sentence links to development. This is followed by writing topic sentences from the content of  four academic paragraphs and then writing the paragraph from a topic sentence. (Example)  Time: 60mins    Level ***** [B1/B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

Webpage link: Topic sentences 

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