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Description, analysis & evaluation

 A basic definition of all three terms:

Description: To give a clear and detailed picture of something.

Analysis: To make a methodical and detailed examination.

Evaluation: To make judgements about the value of information.

 

 Why is it important?

In order to fulfil the requirements of academic study, students need to demonstrate that they are able to incorporate description, analysis and evaluation into their work. This is done through asking a range of different questions.
Both analysis and evaluation are considered higher-order critical thinking skills.

 

 

Academic description, analysis and evaluation video

A short 9-minute video:

Video Worksheet Download  – go here

PDF Lesson Download

 

 Academic description, analysis & evaluation [new 2021]

This lesson helps to improve students’ awareness and understanding of the difference between description, analysis and evaluation. It includes paragraph analysis, a detailed language review reference sheet and graph and sentence level quotation analysis. – see worksheet example. Time: 120mins.  Level ***** [[B2/C1]  TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

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Language Review

description in academic writing
analysis language in academic writing
Evaluation language in academic writing

Practice Exercises

 

Exercise 1: Sentence analysis

Read the following sentences and identify whether they are Description [D], Analysis [A], Evaluation [E]. 

 

1. One suggestion proposed in this paper is that the only way to control AI is to ensure that its values are our values. [    ]

2. Bioengineering is the application of engineering knowledge to the fields of medicine and biology for the enhancement of human health. [   ]

3. The main issue with carbon capture and storage under the ocean is that CO2 reacts with water and causes the oceans to become too acidic for marine life. [   ]

1.One suggestion proposed in this paper is that the only way to control AI is to ensure that its values are our values. [E] Evaluation

2.Bioengineering is the application of engineering knowledge to the fields of medicine and biology for the enhancement of human health. [D] Description

3.The main issue with carbon capture and storage under the ocean is that CO2 reacts with water and causes the oceans to become too acidic for marine life. [A] Analysis

Exercise 2: Paragraph analysis

Look at this paragraph and highlight the sections of: description, analysis, evaluation. 

 

Smart home technology

Smart home technology can take many forms, from controlling the lighting and temperature of a room to monitoring the contents of a fridge. As most current smart homes rely on retro-fitting, which is the process of adding home automation features to an existing property and can lead to considerable costs for the homeowner, newer homes are being built with the additional sensors and systems already installed. However, as the amount of smart home devices and applications continues to grow rapidly, it has given rise to compatibility and connectivity issues. As a result, the focus should now shift to standardising the technology’s protocols.

Smart home technology

*Description * Analysis *Evaluation

Smart home technology can take many forms, from controlling the lighting and temperature of a room to monitoring the contents of a fridge. As most current smart homes rely on retro-fitting, which is the process of adding home automation features to an existing property and can lead to considerable costs for the homeowner, newer homes are being built with the additional sensors and systems already installed. However, as the amount of smart home devices and applications continues to grow rapidly, it has given rise to compatibility and connectivity issues. As a result, designers must now focus on standardising the technology’s protocols.

Exercise 3: Graphs, charts and tables

Look at the bar chart and answer the questions for description, analysis.and  evaluation.

graph analysis

Description

1, What does the graph show?

2, Which country is the chart referring to?

3. Which year was the data collected?

Description

1, What does the graph show?

  • The methods of paying online.

2, Which country is the chart referring to?

  • UK

3. Which year was the data collected?

  • 2019.

 

Analysis

1.Which findings are the most significant?

2.How do the findings compare?

3.What is the reason for the trends?

Analysis

1.Which findings are the most significant?

PayPal & credit/debit cards.

2.How do the findings compare?

PayPal at 49%, cards at 37%, Google, Apple, Amazon at 8%.

3.What is the reason for the trends?

PayPal offers security and convenience and has been around for over twenty years so it has built up its brand image. Google, Apple & Amazon are still relatively new and it’s mainly millennials who have embraced these ways of paying.

Evaluation

1. Will the findings change in the future?

2. How will the findings change in the future?

3. What’s your rationale for the changes you mentioned?

Evaluation

1. Will the findings change in the future?

YES, definitely 

2. How will the findings change in the future?

Google, Amazon and Apple pay will take more of the market share as their systems become more well-known and secure. PayPal could lose some of its market share as other payment systems enter the market and offer better rates.

3. What’s your rationale for the changes you mentioned?

Mobile payments have increased a great deal in some parts of Asia and credit/debit cards are hardly used in these countries in the current climate so this is a trend that is likely to be seen in the UK over the next few years.

Exercise 4: Quotations

Analyse and evaluate these quotes: 

 

  • Analyse and evaluate the quote by David Attenborough (2021) for the UN COP 26 summit.

Quote: “The problems that await the world in the next five to ten years because of climate change are greater than the coronavirus pandemic”.

 

Example answer

What the broadcaster and natural historian means in his quote is that as all nations have witnessed the devasting impact of the coronavirus pandemic, and the warning that climate change will have a far more catastrophic effect on the planet, it is now time for countries to come together to question the current economic models and set new targets for reducing global emissions (analysis). This is vital so that the biodiversity of the planet can be protected (evaluation).

  • Analyse and evaluate the quote by M. Kit Delgado (2021), Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine and Epidemiology at University of Pennsylvania.

Quote: “Given how beneficial these Smartphone breathalyser devices could be to public health, our findings suggest that oversight or regulation would be valuable”.

Example answer

The professor argues that current breath alcohol testing devices on smartphones are not fit for purpose, which could have potentially catastrophic consequences (analysis). As technology continues to evolve at such as rapid rate, it is hoped that new standards of mobile breathalysers can be easily reached (evaluation).

Academic description, analysis & evaluation download

 

 Academic description, analysis & evaluation [new 2021]

This lesson helps to improve students’ awareness and understanding of the difference between description, analysis and evaluation. It includes paragraph analysis, a detailed language review reference sheet and graph and sentence level quotation analysis. – see worksheet example. Time: 120mins.  Level ***** [[B2/C1]  TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP

X 

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