WRITING / Conclusion

 Academic Conclusion

A conclusion is a signal that you have finished your writing and to leave them with a clear impression that you have achieved your purpose(s) of the essay.

 

  • A summary of the main points (being careful not to repeat 'exactly' what you have said already)

  • Concluding statements drawn from the points you have made in the main body (must connect to thesis statement)

  • Suggestions /  recommendations / predictions for action to be taken from information in the main body (must connect to opportunities if doing a SWOT analysis)

  • No new information and everything most connect to the main body

Important:

 

The conclusion should not include new points or ideas – everything should have been discussed in the main body

 

Effective conclusions progress from a Specific statement to a General statement (the opposite of an introduction)

 

Example phrases:

 

Conclusions: In conclusion, to conclude, to sum up

Suggestions: The evidence suggests that …

In general, therefore, it seems that …

An implication of this is the possibility that …

The findings of this study suggest that …

Recommendations: There is, therefore, a definite need for ……

There are a number of important changes which need to be made...

Another important practical implication is that …

More conclusion phrases: click here

 

How to write a basic conclusion

Example Conclusion:

In conclusion, people have a responsibility to protect the environment and governments need to heighten their environmental awareness. The most significant point is that governmental policy applies alternative energy sources to the development of infrastructure. Especially, individuals, science institutions and governments should emphasize the significance of effective utilization of alternative energy sources usage effectively and cooperate with each other.

 

 

Same conclusion with structure highlighted:

In conclusion, people have a responsibility to protect the environment and governments need to heighten their environmental awareness (main points summarised). The most significant point is that governmental policy applies alternative energy sources to the development of infrastructure (main concluding point / restate thesis) Especially, individuals, science institutions and governments should emphasize the significance of effective utilization of alternative energy sources usage effectively and cooperate with each other (recommendation).

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How to write an academic Conclusion

 

To sum up, the overall level of uncertainty concerning how Russia will deal with the consequences of the WTO membership is rather high. The agricultural issues are not an exception here. The new international trade rules together with restrictions of the government support can lead to uneasy times for the national producers of agricultural products. Economic decline, the rise of unemployment and destructive social movement is not something unrealistic or inconceivable. Hence, the whole country might suffer from the drawbacks through the agricultural sector. This imposes a great responsibility on state officials. It might sound too paternalistic and idealistic but their mission is to help the country and its people to be competitive in the global economic arena. Not only purely professional but also a moral obligation of public administrators to create proper conditions to overcome difficulties which might ensue from Russia-WTO related commitments. Fortunately, Russia has some freedom to do this. This country can allocate public financial funds to support farmers; it can launch infrastructural projects or diversify the national industry in general. There are a range of solutions, although not unlimited could be seen as unreasonable. Hopefully, thoughtful response from the Russian government on the agricultural challenges associated with the WTO, which were discussed in this paper, will at least secure the situation against deterioration and will keep the state of affairs at the current level.

(Fasgiev 2012)

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