WRITING / Synthesis

Synthesis of Sources

Synthesis is a piece of writing that combines information from two or more sources. If a writer is explaining a concept or event, research from different sources can be synthesized to offer a well-rounded explanation of it. It shows wider reading and provides evidence that there is a consensus in this area, argument, point, etc..

Examples:

THE EXPLANATORY SYNTHESIS 

  • Wilson (2009) and Smith (2011) state that by providing continual exposure to appropriate listening material can improve acquisition.
  • The effectiveness of these cognitive, metacognitive and socicognitive strategies are well-studied (O’Malley & Chamot,1990; Goh, 2002, Lynch & Mendelsohn, 2002; Miller, 2005)

THE ARGUMENT SYNTHESIS:

  • …they need what is called ‘comprehensible input’ (Krashen, 1982). However, the opposing argument here, is highlighted by Blake (2008:19), who questions what constitutes to ‘comprehensible input’.