What is paragraph analysis?
Paragraph analysis is examining a paragraph to look at its features of construction. It’s a process of identifying how the topic sentence links to the paragraph through the development of the topic and controlling idea. The process includes looking at how examples, data and evidence are used to support the main idea and how the author’s voice (opinion) connects with the overall message or content.
Basic Paragraph Structure
A basic paragraph should consist of four key parts. 1) Topic Sentence (sometimes called a paragraph leader). 2) Development (a detailed explanation of the topic. 3) Example (this can be data, stats, evidence, etc..). 4) Summary (summarise the ideas &/or evaluate how effective these are).
The Importance of the topic Sentence
Topic Sentences are extremely important sentences. This image highlights the topic and controlling idea in the topic sentence.
A Topic Sentence should connect clearly to the content of the paragraph. This image highlights how the key terms in the body of the paragraph connect to the topic and controlling idea of the topic sentence.
Author’s voice and stance in a paragraph
This example highlights how the author’s voice, demonstrated through the choice of verbs, adjectives and cautious phrases, runs through the paragraph, and how the author’s stance (the opinion) is illustrated throughout the text.
More information on author’s voice = go here
Paragraph Analysis Download
Basic Paragraph Analysis: Corporate Social responsibility (CSR) (new for 2020)
This worksheet provides a step-by-step guide to the key components of a paragraph. It analyses a basic paragraph on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) through structure, topic, cohesion, referencing and stance. It also includes a writing practice on Globalisation. Example. Level: ***** [B1/B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP
Argument Essay Structure
An argument essay structure can be organised in two ways: Block & Point-by-Point. Block is where the two main body paragraphs are divided separately into for or against, and Point-by-Point is where each main body paragraph has an counter-argument followed by the main argument. (see below)
Academic Paragraph Structure lesson (block or point-by-point)
Academic Paragraph Analysis: block or point-by-point (new for 2020)
This lesson helps students identify the key elements in paragraph writing. It focuses on two paragraph structures: block and point-by-point. Students analyse each paragraph for structure, controlling ideas & key terms, in-text referencing, cohesion and author’s stance. It also includes two writing practices. Example. Level: ***** [B2/C1] TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP
Reading & Writing Argument: Essay [Mergers & Acquisitions]
Topic: Mergers & Acquisitions. Two short texts (included) – students read the texts, make notes of key arguments, and write a 400-600 word essay using in-text referencing and paraphrasing. The essay should follow (block / point-by-point structure) more info. Lesson includes teacher notes, outline & a model essay. Example Level ***** [B2/C1] / Webpage link. / TEACHER MEMBERSHIP / INSTITUTIONAL MEMBERSHIP
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